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Trampolining Terms

 

adolf/adolph ~ front somersault with 3½ twists

arabian ~ ½ twist into front somersault with initial take-off being of backward rotation

baby fliffus ~ a move starting on the back, early ½ twist into 1¼ back somersault. Different to ball out - barani

back (somersault) ~ a somersault with backward rotation

back in – full out ~ a double back somersault with a full twist performed during the 2nd somersault

back drop ~ a move starting on feet and rotating backwards ¼ of a somersault and landing on back

back pullover ~ a move starting on the back, ¾ back somersault to feet (also variations to stomach, back or seat)

ball out ~ a move starting on the back, 1¼ front somersault landing on feet

ball out - adolf ~ a move starting on the back, 1¼ front somersault with 3½ twist

ball out - barani ~ a move starting on the back, 1¼ front somersault with a late ½ twist. Different to baby fliffus

ball out - half out ~ a move starting on the back, 2¼ front somersault with a ½ twist in the 2nd somersault

ball out - randy ~ a move starting on the back, 1¼ front somersault with 2½ twist

ball out - rudy ~ a move starting on the back, 1¼ front somersault with 1½ twist

barani - ball out ~ misleading (though more popular) name for ball out - barani

barani in - back out ~ a double front somersault, with ½ twist in the 1st somersault, and no twist in the 2nd somersault; also known as "half in - back out"

barani out ~ a double front somersault with a ½ twist in the 2nd somersault. more usually known as "half out"

barani ~ a forward somersault with a ½-twist, named after Italian circus acrobat and tumbler Alfonso Barani who "invented" the front salto with ½ twist around 1881

barrel roll ~ a move starting on the stomach, with one full twist, landing again on the stomach; also known as a "log roll"

bed ~ the part of the trampoline on which performers bounce

bluch ~ a move starting on the stomach, a complete side somersault, landing again on the stomach, more usually called "turntable". Named after Jim Blutch (pronounced blootsh) who "invented" the move during the 1940's and the skill carried his name until about 1955

bounce-roll ~ a move starting on the back, with a front somersault, landing again on the back; less commonly known as a "porpoise" or "dolphin"

cast ~ movement towards either long side of the trampoline frame during a move

cat twist ~ a move starting on the back, with one full twist, landing again on the back

cody ~ a move starting on the stomach, 1 ¼ back somersault. Named after Joe Kotys of Akron Ohio, one of the few persons to compete internationally in both trampoline and gymnastics

compulsory ~ pre-designed routine that contain specific skills / moves required of the trampolinist. Also known as "set"

corkscrew ~ a move starting on the back, ½ front somersault with 1½ twists to back

coverall pads ~ filled pads which completely cover the frame and springs for safety

cradle ~ a move starting on the back, ½ front somersault with ½ twist to back

crash dive ~ ¾ front somersault (straight)

crash mat ~ a foam filled mat that a coach might use to reduce the rebound of a trampolinist when developing a new move. It is not a substitute for proper coaching of technique. Better name is "push-in mat", also often known as "throw-in mat"

degree of difficulty (dd) ~ a rating that measures the difficulty of specific moves and is factored into the total score after judges have scored the execution of the moves; also known as tariff

de-synchronisation ~ scoring how much the pair of synchro-trampolinists are out of 'tempo' with each other, judged by the difference in height of the landing

dolphin ~ a move starting on the back, with a front somersault, landing again on the back; more commonly known as a "bounce-roll", and less commonly as a "porpoise"

dorso-ventricle axis ~ an axis passing through the navel, around which the side somersault and turntable are done. No award for tariff is made for rotation around it

double back ~ a double back somersault without twist

double bounce-roll ~ a move starting on the back, with a double front somersault, landing again on the back

double full ~ a back somersault with 2 complete twists. Not to be confused with the term "full - full" or more normally "full in - full out"

double mini (tramp) [dmt] ~ an elongated version of a "mini" trampoline that is open at either end - useful for circus tricks and games. The 'artiste' runs and mounts, performs a trick or two whilst rebounding across the apparatus, landing on a foam filled pad at the other end. Now gaining a little more support but still very niche

element ~ a component part of a skill that has a recognised way of performance

end deck ~ a large, thick mat that sits on a frame at each end of the trampoline to cushion the impact if anyone falls from the apparatus. Less frequently known as "safety platform"

execution ~ 1. the performance of a routine.
2. the form, style and technique used to complete the skills included in a routine

f.i.g ~ federation internationale gymnastique, the organizing body for international gymnastics competitions including the Olympics. F.i.g. makes the rules, trains and certifies judges, and determines how competitions are run

fliffis ~ any double somersault with a twist

forward turnover ~ ¾ front somersault, starting from feet. A specific variant in the straight position is termed a "crash dive"

frame ~ major metal parts of the trampoline

front [somersault] ~ a somersault with forward rotation

full ~ full twisting back somersault

full in - back out ~ a double back somersault with a full twist performed during the 1st somersault

full in - double full out ~ a double back somersault, with 1 twist in the 1st somersault, and 2 twists in the 2nd somersault; also known as a "miller"

full in - full out ~ a double back somersault, with 1 twist in the 1st somersault, and 1 twist in the 2nd somersault

full in - half out ~ a double front somersault, with 1 twist in the 1st somersault, and ½ twist in the 2nd somersault

full in - rudi out ~ a double front somersault, with 1 twist in the 1st somersault, and 1½ twist in the 2nd somersault

full out ~ a double back somersault with a full twist performed during the 2nd somersault. also known as "back in - full out"

full twist jump ~ a move whereby a trampolinist rotates 360° around the body's longitudinal axis, finishes facing the same end of the trampoline

gain ~ travel arising from excessive displacement of the hips in initiation of somersault movements; e.g. travelling forwards in a back somersault. Carries same penalties from execution judge as "travel"

gyroscopic precession ~ complex mechanical phenomenon where twist rotation is obtained by 'borrowing' somersault rotation, in straight twisting moves. Translates into 'tilt - twist' in twisting multiple somersaults and easily visible viewed from the short end of the trampoline

half in - half out ~ a double back somersault with a ½ twist in each somersault

half in - rudi out ~ a double back somersault, with ½ twist in the 1st somersault, and 1½ twist in the 2nd somersault

half in (- back out) ~ a double front somersault, with ½ twist in the 1st somersault, and no twist in the 2nd somersault; also known as "barani in - back out"

half out ~ a double front somersault with a ½ twist in the 2nd somersault. sometimes known as "barani out"

half turntable ~ a move starting on the stomach, 180° of side somersault, landing again on the stomach

half twist jump ~ a move whereby a trampolinist rotates 180° around the body's longitudinal axis, finishes facing the opposite end of the trampoline

jonah ~ early ½ twist into back somersault with initial take-off being consistent with forward rotation

kaboom ~ somersault from front (or back) landing, where a double contact is made. the legs hit the trampoline bed momentarily after the body, reversing the rotation generated from the body

kick out ~ extension of the legs to straight body position after the shape phase of a somersault is completed

killer ~ a double back somersault with 4 complete twists. also known as a miller plus, and a poliarush (Dimitri Poliarush - BLR - winner, 1996 World Championships)

kip ~ assistance given by a coach whilst on the bed; can be used to increase, neutralise or lower the trampolinist's bouncing height

lateral axis ~ axis roughly defined as through the hips, around which front and back somersaults are done

layout ~ a straight (or slightly arched) position of the body

lazy back ~ ¾ back somersault

line out ~ good technique where trampolinist neatly places arms beside body on completion of shape phase, or whilst twisting

log roll ~ a move starting on the stomach, with one full twist, landing again on the stomach; also known as a "barrel roll"

longitudinal axis ~ axis from head through the body, around which twisting is done

lost move [syndrome] ~ psychological condition where the performer loses the awareness and technique of a particular move

miller ~ a triple-twisting double back somersault, originally performed as "2½ in - ½ out", nowadays usually performed as "full in - double full out", with 1 twist in the 1st somersault, and 2 twists in the 2nd somersault; named after Wayne Miller (USA) - winner, 1966 1970 world championships

miller plus ~ a double back somersault with 4 complete twists. Also known as a killer (sic), and a poliarush (Dimitri Poliarush -BLR - winner, 1996 world championships)

overhead rig ~ overhead apparatus with a belt, ropes, pulleys and fittings allowing the coach to provide remote support for a move whilst the performer is learning

pike ~ a position where the body is bent forward at the hips to 90° or more while the legs are kept straight, with the thighs close to the upper body

piked jump ~ move showing the "piked" shape alone, i.e.. no rotation or twist

planterflexion ~ extension of ankle joint - technical name for 'point your toes'

poliarush ~ a double back somersault with 4 complete twists. Named after Dimitri Poliarush (blr) - winner, 1996 world championships

porpoise ~ a move starting on the back, with a front somersault, landing again on the back; more commonly known as a "bounce-roll", and less commonly as a "dolphin"

puck ~ semi-tucked shape allowable in competition for multi-twisting multiple somersaults. For competition, the rules require an angle between the body and thighs, and the thighs and lower legs, of 90° - 120°

push-in mat ~ a foam filled mat that a coach might use to reduce the rebound of a trampolinist when developing a new move. It is not a substitute for proper coaching of technique. Also known as "throw-in mat", and "crash mat"

quadriffis ~ any quadruple somersault combined with a component of twist

radius of gyration ~ mathematical term for how 'spread apart' the body is when a somersault or twist is done around an axis

randolph ~ a front somersault with 2½ twists; also known as a "randy"

randy ~ a front somersault with 2½ twists; also known as a "randolph"

rig ~ overhead apparatus with a belt, ropes, pulleys and fittings allowing the coach to provide remote support for a move whilst the performer is learning

rob-roy ~ a move starting on the back, ½ front somersault with 2 ½ twists to back

rocket ~ a kipped bounce whilst the kippee's hands are being held by the kipper

roller ~ a move starting on the seat, full twist to seat drop

routine ~ a combination of movements or manoeuvres displaying a specific range of skills

rudi out ~ a double front somersault with 1½ twists in the 2nd somersault"

rudolph ~ a front somersault with 1½ twists, also known as a rudy. Named after Dave Rudolph who executed the 1½ twisting front somersault on a trampoline in the late 1920's in vaudeville. Randolph and adolph were "invented" names for the kindred skills they represent

rudy ~ a "rudolph"

safety platform ~ a large, thick mat that sits on a frame at each end of the trampoline to cushion the impact if anyone falls from the apparatus. Also known as "end deck"

salto ~ a somersault, i.e. rotation around the axis of the hips

set ~ a pre-designed routine that contain specific skills / moves required of the trampolinist. Also known as "compulsory"

side somersault ~ a 360° rotation around an axis passing through the navel (dorso-ventral axis)

skill ~ a specific move that has a recognised way of performance and technical value

somersault ~ an acrobatic movement where the body makes a complete revolution, heels over head; also known as 'salto'

straddle ~ a position where the legs are split at least shoulder width apart and the legs are kept straight whilst the upper body is aligned forward at the hips at an angle greater than 45°

straddled jump ~ move showing the "straddle" shape alone, i.e. no rotation or twist

straight ~ a position where the body is extended in a straight line, technically defined as the upper body and the legs being positioned at an angle of more than 135°

spotter(s) ~ People positioned at points around a trampoline in order to ensure additional safety for performers who might otherwise fall off without their intervention

swivel hips ~ a move starting on the seat, a ½ twist in upright position, landing again on seat

synchronised [trampolining] ~ two people jumping on separate trampolines in time with each other. They must perform identical moves or skills simultaneously

tag ~ trampoline game. every player has to repeat all skills of those that went before in the correct order and append an additional skill at the end; also known as "add-on". (variants add-before, add-between)

tariff ~ a rating that measures the difficulty of specific moves and is factored into the total score after judges have scored the execution of the moves; also known as 'degree of difficulty [dd]'

three - quarter turnover ~ ¾ front somersault, starting from feet. Also known as 'forward turnover'. a specific variant in the straight position is termed a "crash dive

throw-in mat ~ a foam filled mat that a coach might use to reduce the rebound of a trampolinist when developing a new move. it is not a substitute for proper coaching of technique. Better name is "push-in mat", often known as "crash mat"

tilt-twist ~ complex mechanical phenomenon whereby aerial twist rotation, obtained by 'borrowing' somersault rotation in straight twisting somersaults, translates into an amount of "tilt". Easily visible viewed from the short end of the trampoline. Caused by "gyroscopic precession"

travel ~ 1. movement away from the centre of the bed, with appropriate form deduction if excessive (outside the box)
2. movement along the bed in the same direction as the shoulders in somersault rotation, i.e. travelling backwards in a back somersault

triffis [or triff] ~ any triple somersault combined with a component of twist

tuck ~ a position where the knees are bent and drawn into the chest, with the upper body folded at the waist at angle of greater than 45° from the upper legs

tucked jump ~ move showing the "tuck" shape alone, i.e.. no rotation or twist

turntable ~ a move starting on the stomach, a complete side somersault, landing again on the stomach. (see Bluch)

twist ~ rotation around the body's longitudinal axis, roughly defined by the spine

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